Read this article to get highlights on National Agriculture Policy, 2000!

The Government of India announced a National Agriculture Policy on July 28, 2000.

This policy aims to attain:

(i) growth rate in excess of 4% per annum in the agriculture sector,


(ii) growth, that is based on conservation of soil, water and biodiversity,

(iii) growth with equality,

(iv) growth that is demand driven and caters, the small markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising, from economic liberalisation and globalisation,

(v) growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.


The important characteristic features of this policy are as follows:

(1) Privatisation of agriculture and price protection of farmers in the post QR (Qualitative Restriction) regime would be part of the government’s strategy to synergise agricultural growth. The main focus is on use of resources and technology, adequate availability, of credit to the farmers and protecting them from seasonal and price fluctuations.

(2) Contract farming and land leasing is done to promote private sector participation, to allow accelerated technology transfer, capital inflow, assured markets for crop production, especially of oilseeds, cotton and horticulture crops.

(3) Private sector investment in agriculture would be encouraged, particularly in areas like agricultural research, human resource development, post-harvest management and marketing.


(4) After the dismantling of QRs (quantitative restrictions) on imports, the policy has recommended formulation of commodity wise strategies and arrangement to protect farmers from adverse impact of undue price fluctuation in the world market and promote exports.

(5) In order to minimise the wide fluctuations in commodity prices the government would enlarge coverage of future markets.

(6) Restriction on the movement of agricultural commodities within the country is reduced.

(7) Main stress is given on rural electrification.

(8) The excise duty on materials such as farm machinery and implements and fertilizers, post -harvest storage and processing would be reviewed.

(9) The use of new and renewable source of energy for irrigation and other agriculture purposes would be encouraged.

(10) Progressive institutionalisation of rural and farm credit would be continued for providing timely and adequate credit to farmers.