Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Transport are as follows:
1. Less Maintenance Cost:
Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite less.
The transport channel is quite cheap as compared rail and road Transport.
3. Useful for Bulky Goods:
Heavy and bulky goods can be transported easily at little cost through water transport.
4. Useful During Natural Calamities:
During natural calamities like flood and rains, when rail and road transport is disrupted, relief operations can be operated through water transport.
5. Helpful in Defence:
Development of shipping is essential for the defence of the country also. It is also called second line of defence.
6. Important for Foreign Trade:
Water transport plays important role in foreign trade. India’s foreign trade is mainly dependent on water transport.
Disadvantages of Water Transport:
The following are the disadvantages of water transport:
1. Slow Speed:
It is a slow means of transport. Failure of monsoon results into fall in the water level of rivers making navigation difficult.
2. More Risky:
Water transport is more risky as compared to other means because there is always danger of sinking ships or boats.