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Income Terms of Trade (With Criticisms) | Economics

The concept of income terms of trade was developed by G.S. Dorrance and H. Staehle. This concept is an improvement upon the net barter terms of trade. It takes into account the indices of export and import prices and quantity index of exports. The income terms of trade are determined by the product of net […]

Net Barter Terms of Trade (With Criticisms) | Macroeconomics

In this article we will discuss about the net barter terms of trade with its criticisms. In the contemporary world, the concept of net barter terms of trade was introduced by F.W. Taussig. This concept was called as commodity terms of trade by Jacob Viner. It is defined as ratio of export prices to import […]

Real Cost Terms of Trade (With Criticisms) | Economics

The increased production of export good requires the diversion of productive resources from other sectors to the export sector. The amount of utility lost or sacrificed per unit of resources employed in the production of export good constitutes the real cost of producing exports. Whether a country gains from trade or not, can be truly […]

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