**Individual Series: **

Individual series means where frequencies are not given.

Here the mean can be found by three methods.

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**Example 1. Find Mean for the following figures.**

**Solution**:

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∑X =30 + 41 + 47 + 54 + 23 + 34 + 37 + 51 + 53 + 47=417; N= 10.

**(ii) Short Cut Method****: **

Here X is calculated using an Assumed Mean ; taking deviations from it, the following formula is used.

Where A is assumed mean

and dx = the deviation of items from assumed mean (X – A),

∑dx/N is known as correction factor.

(Note: – Value of Assumed Mean may be taken of any magnitude; but we often take whole number near to the average of largest and smallest terms to avoid big calculations.)

**(iii) Step Deviation Method****: **

This method is not applicable to all the problems.

Where i or c is common factor in dx, such that dx/i or dx/c= d ‘x

**Problems solved using all the three Methods****: **

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Example 4. Calculate X, using:

(i) Direct Method,

(ii) Short Cut Method,

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(iii) Step Deviation Method for the following problem.

The given data is; 30, 16, 20, 26, 18, 24, 36 and 18.

**Solution****: **

Let Assumed Mean (A) = 26 N=8

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(Note: Assumed mean can take any value, but we often opt for the term nearest to the average of highest and lowest terms).